The aim of goal-based evaluation is to investigate whether the project has achieved its goals. This question is posed at the end of the project process, often within the context of a summative evaluation.
As there are as many goals as there are projects we cannot provide any specific data collection instruments for goal-based evaluation in this handbook, but we can providegeneral guidelines:
1. Formulate clear goals for your project
Only if goals are clearly defined without ambiguity can their achievement can be verified. You can find tips for goal formulation in Chapter "2. Instrument selection" at the concept level, Goals page.
2. Link to program goals
If your project is promoted within a higher-level program consider the program goal to which your project contributes. The goals of your project should contribute as "interim goals" to achieve "overall goals" defined on the program level (see Goal hierarchies page).
3. How do you want to achieve your goal?
Consider which measures of your project contribute to achieving which goals (see Logic models page).
4. How will you recognise whether you have achieved the goal?
Consider what are suitable or observable indicators of goal achievement.
5. How will you provide the necessary data?
Consider which method is suitable for providing thenecessary information. You can find more information about the methods of evaluation in the general part of this handbook under Evaluation methods.
For a goal-based evaluation, refer to the evaluation process set out in this handbook (1. Evaluation planning, 2. Instrument selection, 3. Data collection, 4. Data analysis and 5. Reporting results).
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